DAWSON COLONIAL IMMIGRANTS                         

"The Early Settlers of Maryland," Gust Skordas, Balto: Gen. Pub. Co, 1974.

These books are an index to the names of early settlers of Maryland which are found in the first twenty-four volumes of the patent series in  the MD Archives. Certain words recur: "immigrated" means the individual furnished his own transportation to Md; while "transported" means someone else other than the person paid for his or her passage. Quite often a person "transported" was a "servant," but not always. "Indentured servitude" required a contract to repay cost of passage through a term of work. Such claims have the word "service" added. Quite often in Maryland records, an ancestor's name recurs because they were claimed by more than one person in order to gain "headright" land. They were not indentured; it was a strategy used to add to land grants & patents already obtained.

Note: "Liber" = Book and "folio" = page

Name Liber: Folio Remarks
RALPH DAWSON Q 453 "transported 1658"
RALPH DAWSON 5:235 "immigrated 1662"
MABEL DAWSON 5:235 "wife of Ralph Dawson transported 1662"
WILLIAM DAWSON 5: 556 "transported 1660"
WILLIAM DAWSON Sr. 8: 89 "immigrated 1665"
ANTHONY DAWSON 8: 89 "transported 1665"
WM DAWSON Jr. 8: 89 "transported 1665"
MARY DAWSON 6:18 "transported 1660"
PETER DAWSON 5:240 "transported 1662"
EDWARD DAWSON 15:430 "transported 1677"
RICHARD DAWSON 11:265 "transported 1667"
RICHARD DAWSON WC2 113, 165 "transported 1680"
RICHARD DAWSON 17:611 "service 1673. Of *Calvert County:
RICHARD DAWSON 16 11 "immigrated from Va. 1670. Of *St. Mary's County."

"A Supplement to Early Settlers of Maryland" comp. by Dr. Carson Gibb, Archives of Md., 1997. Available on-line from Maryland Archives book store web page, No. 2019, $19.95.

1670: Richard Dawson of St. Mary's County Md., *carpenter, Immigrated from Virginia"

MSA-SC 4341-271 and Transcript 16:16 (SR 7357)

17th Century Carpenters. The indispensability of the carpenter is demonstrated by the fact that carpenters accompanied every expedition to the New World. Early colonial carpenters performed a broad range of functions, from the rough work of felling trees and hewing timber to the precise work of cabinet and furniture making. Urban carpentry became rapidly more specialized into trades, such as rough carpentry, joinery, wood turning, carving, coffinmaking, coopering, cabinetmaking, looking-glass making, picture framing and wagonmaking. [from "Early American Traces" by Peter F. Copeland, NY: Cover Publications, 1980, p. 2]

1662: Ralph Dawson "Immigrated by 1662 with Mabell, his wife MSA SC 4341-6521

1665: William Dawson Sr. "Immigrated by 1665 with Jone, Wm Jr, & Anthony Dawson el al" MSA SC 4341-4333

1672: John Dawson, "husband of Jane, service by 1672" MSA SC 4341-270 & Transcript 17:24 (SR 7358)

1680: John Dawson "transported in 1680" MSA SC 43441-7768

Note: No Thomas Dawson found in Dr. Gibb's Supplement to Early Settlers of Maryland . See "Early Va. Immigrants"

INDEX of MARYLAND LAND GRANTS                                                                                                        

"Settlers of MARYLAND, 1679-1700," Peter Coldham, Gen. Pub. Co, 1996.

Until 1680 substantial numbers of grants were ceded on a "headright" basis, i.e. an allowance of fifty acres of land for each new   settler transported into the Province to reside. Newly surveyed plantations changed hands until they came into the possession of the highest bidder. In  1680 the headright system was suspended and land could be acquired by  purchase and through services rendered to the proprietary government, such  as military expedition. The Land Registry set up in St. Mary's City in 1680 continued to operate between 1689 to 1715 when the proprietary form of  government was suspended and the Province became a royal colony. In 1695 the Registry moved to the new capital of Annapolis.

Recipient County Name Tract Name Acreage Date Reference
ANTHONY DAWSON mar. Rebecca Osbourne, d/o Henry Osbourne of Dor. Co: Dorchester Alexander's Place


5 Oct 1680 L28:59
EDWARD DAWSON of Talbot County: Dorchester Addition


1 June 1700 L34:198;L38:158


7 Mar 1683 L24:487;L29:413
RALPH DAWSON Dorchester Fair Play


14 May 1679 L24:91
JOHN KELLUM Som Kellum's Choice


Oct 1695 L37:138

List of  Seventeenth Century Colonial Dawsons of  Virginia ColonyJasft2.jpg (35448 bytes)

"Original Lists of Persons of Quality, 1600-1700," by John Camden Hotten, Balto, Md.: Gen. Pub. Co, 1983.

*RICHARD DAWSON, 3 April 1635, at Gravesend, those transported to St. Christopher's [Carib. Island] on the ship Paul of London, having taken Oath of Alleg. & Supremacie. [p. 51]

*RICHARD DAWSON, 20 June 1635, transported to Virginia on the ship Phillip, master Richard Morgan. [94]

GEORGE DAWSON, age 24, arrived on the ship Southampton in 1623 on Muster of Inhabitant of Va., Abraham Peirsey's List. [p. 217]

HUGH DAWSON, age 18, "Men to be transported to Babadoes on the ship Expedition, 20 Nov. 1635. [139]

MILLES DAWSON, "Inhabitants of Christ Church Parish of Barbados," Dec. 22, 1679.   [p. 476]                               Ownes five acres of land; 1 slave.

ROBERT DAWSON Mr., Parish Register St. George's, Island of Barbados, 15 acres. [464]

WILLIAM DAWSON on "The List of Living in Virginia," Feb. 16, 1623, "At Jordan's Journey."

WILLIAM DAWSON in "Muster of Inhabitants of Jordan's Journey at Charles Citie, Jan 21, 1624. " William Dawson, age 25 years, came on the ship Discovery, Mary 1621.

"Early Virginia Immigrants, 1623-1666" by George Cabell Greer, Clerk Va. State Land Office, Balto: Gen. Publ. Co, reprint 1998,  p. 91.

Richard Dauson (sic), 1652, by Nicholas George, Thos. Taberer & Humphry Clarke, Isle of Wight? Co.

Thomas Dawson, 1635, transported by Capt. Wm. Pierce, ? Co.

Ann Dawson, 1636, by Capt. Thos. Willoughby. ? Co.

Thomas Dawson, 1638, by John Moone, ? Co.

*William Dawson, 1637, by *Wm. Farrar, Henrico Co.

William Dawson, 1652, by Henry Pitt, ? Co. 

Note: "Adventure of Purse & Person 1607-1624/5" ed. by Virginia M. Meyer & John F. Dorman, pub. by Order of First Families of Virginia, 1987, pp. 243-246. Biography: *William Dawson, mariner,  to Va. in March, 1621, on the Discovery was living on Jordan's Journey listed on Muster of *Wm. Farrar & Sisley Jordan, age 25.

"Seventeenth Century Colonial Ancestors," National Society of Colonial Dames XVII century 1915-1975, compiled by Mary Louise Hatton, GPC, 1976.

JOHN DAWSON [c1670-1720] MD; mar. Rebecca Doyne. Landowner.

"FOUNDERS  & PATRIOTS of American Index," National Society of Daughters of F&P of American, Washington DC; Genealogy Publishing Co., 1975.

"In each lineage is a Founder who arrived in one of the colonies between May 13, 1607 & May 13, 1687, and a Patriot ancestor who gave military, civil service or other aid in establishing American Independence from 1775-1784." The following pairs of Dawsons were documented in Founders & Patriots  Index:

Patriot:     JOHN DAWSON   [c1740-cMay 1, 1792]  mar.  Sarah 1720; Reference:  XXIV:149  

Founder:  NICHOLAS DAWSON  [?-1727]  mar. c1706 MARY DOYNE, MD; Reference: XIX:68.

Patriot:      NICHOLAS DAWSON [Jun 11, 1750-Mar 18, 1806] mar. Elizabeth Bayne, Aug 27, 1781;   Ref:  XIX:68.  

Founder:   RALPH DAWSON [c1635-July 1, 1706] mar. ca 1660 MARY ARCHER MD; Ref:  XXIV:149.

Jasft1.jpg (38113 bytes)Note: For those who would like to delve more deeply into colonial history, visit Jamestown Rediscovery site on the web: http://www.apva.org/   "Lists of living & dead" were made of Va. settlers because of 1622 Indian massacre. At "Jordan's Journey" means Wm. Dawson survived the massacre and was living on a manor up river from Jamestown Settlement. [Hotten, op. cit., p. 171 & 210]  Virginia Dawsons, like Richard Dawson in list above, were thought by Maryland genealogists, Calvin & Mary Mowbray,  to have left Virginia and settled in Maryland due to persecution of dissenters. For those who would like to read about the Calvert Co Md. settlers, consult "First Dorchester Families," by Calvin W. Mowbray. Many early land owners on the Eastern Shore of Md., were once inhabitants of Calvert Co Md. who lived on both sides of the Patuxent River. Better than sixty percent of Talbot & Dorchester Co Md. settlers came from Md.'s Western Shore. Of the Calvert Co Md. settlers, some came first to Virginia. Early settlers of Calvert & Dorchester Cos Md., were compiled from patents records at Md Archives by Calvin & Mary Mowbray in "Early Settlers of Dorchester County and their Lands, Vol 1 & II, Family Line Publications, 1992.   



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